These wigglers are in worm heaven as long as you give them a dark cozy home with plenty of food, moisture, oxygen and a comfortable temperature. You don't have to bother about them escaping from your worm farm if you provide the proper conditions to enable them to live comfortably.
Worm farms are commercially available, but sometimes be relatively expensive - from $50 to $100+, when compared with DIY worm bins. We commenced with a 30 gallon plastic box with a tight lid. However, I found this area was way too high, with much wasted space. The top 10 inches were used with the worms only to deposit their eggs. I have since tried many smaller bins and DIY wooden bins, these days use a Worm Factory? because it has numerous advantages over hand made worm farms
Worms are photophobic - they hide from both sunshine and artificial light. Use a dark-colored bin, or cover it using a dark covering. If you have your worm bin outside in hotter make sure it stays sheltered from sunlight. The worms will thrive once the temperature is between 50?F an 70?F.
A little dampness helps the worms to wriggle. Add sufficient water with a bedding mixture (such as shredded newspaperpeat moss) to make it as wet enough to stay together when squeezed, however, not to drip. A worm bin will need drainage holes nearby the bottom and air holes higher than the level of the bedding . To make the right environment for your worms line your wormbin with biodegradable bedding. You can use peat moss, sawdust, dried grass clippings, aged manure, shredded cardboard, newspaper, paper grocery bags and most types of shredded leaves. It's not recommended that you use heavily colored or glossy paper for bedding, since it may have inks or another substances which are toxic to worms.
Food scraps should be buried within the bedding to halt any odors. When using paper items for bedding soak them in water overnight then shred them. Also, paper products within the bedding may take in moisture, so check the farm frequently. If the bedding becomes too dry spray or sprinkle water to spread the moisture evenly.
Feed your worms a proper diet. While I attemptedto maintain a regular feeding schedule, when I started worm composting, I have since learned that red wiggler worms are incredibly adaptable, and may eat whatever is available. Try starting out with of a cup of organic waste almost daily. Watch how quick they eat it, and modify their feeding routine accordingly.
Good food for red wigglers: fruits, vegetables, bread, grains, cereal, pasta, eggshells, coffee grounds, tea bags, shredded leaves, peat moss, shredded newspaper, shredded cardboard, human & animal hair, dry grass clippings, wood shavings, sawdust.
Bad food for red wigglers: meat, animal bones, eggs, dairy products, peanut butter, oak leaves, glossy paper, pine needles, tree bark, fresh grass clippings.
Cutting up scraps boosts composting - worms will eat organic waste of any size, but cutting it up reduces digestion time.
After about sixty the contents of the worm bin will turn into nutrient rich earthy- smelling compost; finished compost has got the color and consistency of crumbly chocolate cake. Full of nitrogen, phosphorus and lots of other nutrients and trace minerals, worm compost is a super organic fertilizer. I can be part of a potting medium or top dressing for houseplants. Each time plants are watered, fresh plant food is shipped to the roots without any danger of overfertilizing or burning. In the garden use compost in planting holes so that as a top dressing for flower beds. Diluted with water additionally, it makes an excellent liquid fertilizer.Article Source: name is Olin and I am a devoted worm bin enthusiast. I've had so much success with the Worm Factory? 360 worm bin that I started selling them, from my personal website, to help you others discover the benefits of worm composting.